Basics of Candle Making
I would like to share my Passion for Candle Making with you so here are the basics to get you started.
There is a lot to learn about candle making but with a few basics, you too, can learn to let your imagination set the limits of what you can create.
- Wax can catch fire when it is heated at high temperatures. Therefore, it is always best to heat wax using medium low heat.
- It is best to heat wax in double boiler. If you don't have a double then you can use a can and place it inside a small pot. I graduated to crock pots purchased at our local thrift stores and then on to full sized turkey roasters as my business grew.
Wear oven mitts when dealing with hot items.
- Don't heat the wax and then walk away while still heating the wax. Be aware of distractions that can distract you from performing this job in a safe manner. For example, when heating wax on the stove do not answer the phone. If the phone rings then let it ring and the person can leave a message. Don’t leave the stove area. If you do have to leave the stove area while heating wax then make sure you turn off the heat and remove the pot from the stove.
- Turn the pot handle backwards so it doesn't stick out over the floor. This way you won't accidentally knock the pot onto the floor and no child can hit the pot or reach for the pot to see what is in it.
- As previously mentioned, there should be no problems with a fire but there is always the possibility that a fire can happen. The chances are slim but you always need to be prepared for the worst case scenario. Therefore, make sure you have a fire extinguisher on hand. The fire extinguisher should be suitable for kitchen use. If you don't have a fire extinguisher then make sure you have the lid for the pot so you can smother the fire. Additionally baking soda can be used to smother a fire. If there is a fire, do not use water to put the fire out. Water will only spread the fire. Water should never be used on any type of oil or gas fire.
- Do not pour wax down the drain. If you pour it down the drain then you will essentially clog your drain and then you will need to hire a plumber.
- It's a good idea to spread aluminum foil over your work area. This allows you to easily peel off any spilled wax. You can then reuse this wax in your next project.
- If you have any wax leftover, put it into a bowl that is covered with wax paper. Let it cool. You can then reuse the wax in another project.
- If you have long hair, make sure you tie it back. You may also want to wear a hair net so no hairs go into your candle. You will also want to make sure you have no loose jewelry dangling.
- Keep your thermometer in the boiling wax at all times so you know what the temperature is. If the wax gets too close to the flash point, usually about 150º C or 300º F, immediately remove the wax from the heat source.
I know these are all basic good sense but worth a reminder for your safety.
- Candles are best stored wrapped in wax paper. You can also place your candles in a box and if you do this, then make sure the box is lined with wax paper.
- Candles should be stored away from both heat and sunlight.