In order to make candles, you will need some basic equipment. Although you can get professional and expensive pieces of equipment, it isn't always necessary.
Wax needs to be heated to a specific temperature. Although you can buy and use special candle thermometers, you can also use cooking thermometers. What you need is a thermometer that covers the ranges of 39 - 177º C (100 - 350º F).
Wax should never be melted over direct heat. As a
result, a double boiler is used. A double boiler is essentially one saucepan
inside another. In the first saucepan you boil water. In the second saucepan you
heat the wax. It's imperative that when using a double boiler that you do not
let the water boil dry. Always make sure there is water in the bottom saucepan.
Measuring Cup or Container.
This is a little trick that I was taught. What you do is you pour water into your mold. Then you pour the water into a measuring
utensil. For every ¼ pint you will need approximately 100 grams of solid wax.
Other useful items include:
While making your candles, always keep your
thermometer in the wax to ensure you don't go past the proper pouring
temperature. Once your wax reaches it pouring temperature, remove it from
Although pouring temperatures may vary slightly from wax to wax and from project to project, there are some general rules you can follow when pouring wax. When pouring wax into containers such as jam jars, the wax should be poured at 71º to 82º C (160º to 180º F).
Before pouring the hot wax into the glass jar or any jar, you should perform some tests to make sure the jar can withstand the heat. This is an extremely important safety precaution.
To ensure the jar can withstand the heat, first place the
jar in a sink and fill with hot tap water. If the jar survives, then try filling
the jar with near boiling water. If the jar does not break then chances are it
should be safe for pouring hot wax into it. However, you must still proceed with
caution whenever pouring hot wax into any jar or mold.
In most situations, wax is poured at 71º C (160º F) into glass jars.